When we say a dog is hyperactive, we generally mean he is more active than we wish him to be.
Hyperactivity is often mistaken for a dog's spirit or personality, but is not a natural state of mind.
Pent up energy in a dog can lead to frustration and can often result in attention-seeking behaviour.
A common reason for hyperactivity is that a dog is not getting enough exercise, which means that he or she does not have an outlet to release such pent up energy.
There is also a medical condition called hyperkinesis of which the symptoms are continual restless and frantic activity which usually don't stop until the dog is exhausted.
The dog pants and the heart rate is raised.
There may be compulsive actions like tail chasing.
If you think your dog may have this medical condition, you should get him checked by a vet.
In the majority of cases, however, what is referred to as hyperactivity is the behaviour of a normal dog.
It is certainly a behaviour which is unacceptable to the owner and needs attention.
Possible Symptoms and Causes A dog who has too much energy in their systems can be seen to be carrying out a lot of unwanted behaviour such as chewing, jumping or continual barking.
A dogs hyperactivity can be caused by a number of reasons, one being the breed of your dog.
For example, working dogs, have a higher level of energy so they can efficiently perform their jobs.
It is worth checking if your dog has had a reaction to a food type - consider whether you have changed any part of your dogs diet and when the extra energy appeared.
It can also be a sign of stress or confusion or perhaps a deficiency in mental and/or physical stimulus.
10 Simple Techniques to help calm a Dog 1) Prevention! Take care over your choice of dog, research the breed you are considering and see if it matches your own lifestyle; 2) Create a job or a task for your dog! Finding dogs activities can help immensely in dealing with hyperactivity - remember it may be psychological necessities as well as physical needs.
Having a task to focus on can help tremendously.
By giving your dog a job to do, you are removing him from his state of hyperactivity and redirecting his energy elsewhere.
The task should have a clear beginning and end, and should never be considered a replacement for physical exercise.
3) Go for a walk! If your dog has a lot of built-up energy, a really vigorous walk is another excellent way to redirect it where YOU want it to go.
At least two walks per day and plenty of games such as Fetch and Frisbee.
This is especially true of very active breeds like hunting or herding dogs.
Getting involved in dog games like Agility or Flyball will help in the case of very active breeds.
Once you've burned that extra energy away, your dog should be pleasantly exhausted.
4) Use a Dog Harness Back Pack! This is another successful way of increasing the level of activity.
A dog harness backpack can be enjoyed by dogs as it gives them a sense of purpose.
When using a back pack for the first time, place it on your dog for a few minutes each day and then build up taking your dog for a walk with it empty.
Following this start to fill the backpack and ensure that it is loaded equally on each side and start with a light weight which you can then gradually increase.
Please bear in mind the size and weight of your dog being careful not to overload it and also ensure that your dog is well.
Check our website for examples of a dog harness backpack which features award winning chest plate for comfort and quality.
These use up to three times the energy so a 15 minute walk is like a 45 minute walk.
With his energy released and without that frustration, he'll find it much easier to relax.
5) Check your own energy! Your dog is your mirror.
Any energy you project, he will reflect back.
Are you in a calm assertive state of mind? Are you stressing out over an argument, or burdened with the worries of your work? Dogs can be sensitive and pick up on your moods.
Nervous or anxious moods can translate into nervous or anxious body language or tones of voice, and can affect the energy of your dog.
6) Ignore the behavior! Dogs seek attention from you.
By paying them that attention during hyperactive outbursts, you're reinforcing the very behavior that you're trying to eliminate.
The next time your dog is jumping or nipping at you in an overexcited way, give it a try -- no touch, no talk, no eye contact -- and see how you fare.
You might be surprised how quickly the dog settles down.
Give him attention and praise when he is calm or when he is engaging in activities which you have instigated.
7) Create a Stimulating Environment! Make sure your dog has a variety of interactive and chew toys to keep him occupied, especially if left alone.
Consider also treats that can be frozen so they last longer and keep their attention.
He requires a stimulating environment to keep him occupied.
8) Check your Dog's Diet! Avoid too much sugar or protein in his diet and avoid artificial ingredients in his diet like preservatives, colourings or flavourings.
Some of these have been shown to produce hyperactivity in children and may have the same effect on dogs.
9) Routine! Keep your dog's routine regular.
Dogs like a fixed routine.
Meals at regular times and so on.
10) Obedience Training! Engage in obedience training for short periods every day.
Remember to reward the right behaviour.
The main point is that your dog needs a variety of interesting activities and ways to expend his energy.
If you don't provide them then you will be faced with him expressing his energy in ways you don't like.
Hopefully, if you follow some of the points above your hyperactive dog problem will be solved.
Dogs give us so much pleasure it is worth investing time into understanding their behaviour and rewarding the correct behaviour for a happy and healthy relationship together.